Taijitu 太極圖    

In Daoist philosophy, dark and light, yin and yang, arrive in the Daodejing ( 道德經 ) at chapter 42. It becomes sensible from an initial quiescence or emptiness  ( wu ji, sometimes symbolized by an empty circle ), and continues moving until quiescence is reached again. For instance, dropping a stone in a calm pool of water will simultaneously raise waves and lower troughs between them, and this alternation of high and low points in the water will radiate outward until the movement dissipates and the pool is calm once more. Yin and yang thus are always opposite and equal qualities. Further, whenever one quality reaches its peak, it will naturally begin to transform into the opposite quality: for example, grain that reaches its full height in summer ( fully yang ) will produce seeds and die back in winter ( fully yin ) in an endless cycle.

 

It is impossible to talk about yin or yang without some reference to the opposite, since yin and yang are bound together as parts of a mutual whole ( for example, there cannot be the Bottom of the foot without the top ). A way to illustrate this idea is to postulate the notion of a race with only men or only women; this race would disappear in a single generation. Yet, men and women together create new generations that allow the race they mutually create ( and mutually come from ) to survive. The interaction of the two gives birth to things. Yin and yang transform each other: like an undertow in the ocean, every advance is complemented by a retreat, and every rise transforms into a fall. Thus, a seed will sprout from the earth and grow upwards towards the sky—an intrinsically yang movement. Then, when it reaches its full potential height, it will fall.

 

Many places in China, such as Luo yang, contain the word yang, and a few, such as Hua yin, contain the word yin. This is a very old way to assign place names. Classically, when used in place names, yang refers to the " sunny side ". The word 太陽 ( simplified 太阳 ),  tai yang, refers to the sun, and literally means " great yang. " In the northern hemisphere, sunlight comes predominantly from the south, and so the south face of a mountain ( or the north face of a river valley ) will get more direct sunlight. Therefore, yang means a place is on the south slope of a mountain ( or on the north bank of a river valley ). For example, Luo yang is on the north bank of the Luo River valley.


In the same way,  yin would be the opposite, the " shady side ".  Yin means that a place is on the north slope of a mountain ( or on the south bank of a river ). For example, Hua yin is on the north slope of MountHua.

 

Symbolism and importance

Yang is the white side with the black dot on it, and yin is the black side with the white dot on it. The relationship between yin and yang is often described in terms of sunlight playing over a mountain and a valley. Yin ( literally the ' shady place ' or ' north slope ' ) is the dark area occluded by the mountain's bulk, while yang ( literally the ' sunny place ' or ' south slope ' ) is the brightly lit portion. As the sun moves across the sky, yin and yang gradually trade places with each other, revealing what was obscured and obscuring what was revealed.

 

Yin is characterized as slow, soft, yielding, diffuse, cold, wet, and passive; and is associated with water, earth, the moon, femininity and nighttime.

 

Yang, by contrast, is fast, hard, solid, focused, hot, dry, and aggressive; and is associated with fire, sky, the sun, masculinity and daytime.

 

I Ching

In the I Ching, yin and yang are represented by broken and solid lines: yang is solid and yin is broken. These are then combined into trigrams, which are more yang or more yin depending on the number of broken and solid lines ( e.g., ☰ is heavily yang,  while ☷ is heavily yin ), and trigrams are combined into hexagrams. The relative positions and numbers of yin and yang lines within the trigrams determine the meaning of a trigram, and in hexagrams the upper trigram is considered yang with respect to the lower trigram, allowing complex depictions of interrelations.

 

Taijitu 太極圖

The principle of yin and yang is represented in Taoism by the Taijitu ( literally " diagram of the supreme ultimate " ). The term is commonly used to mean the simple "divided circle" form, but may refer to any of several schematic diagrams representing these principles. Similar symbols have also appeared in other cultures, such as in Celtic art and Roman shield markings.

 

Religion and philosophy

The Taijitu and concept of the Zhou period reach into family and gender relations. Yin is female and yang is male. They fit together as two parts of a whole. The male principle was equated with the sun : active, bright, and shining ; the female principle corresponds to the moon : passive, shaded, and reflective. Male toughness was balanced by female gentleness, male action and initiative by female endurance and need for completion. Practitioners of Zen Yoga, a system of exercise created in 1964, see yin-yang as a flow.

 

The Taijitu is one of the oldest and best - known life symbols in the world, but few understand its full meaning. It represents one of the most fundamental and profound theories of ancient Taoist philosophy. At its heart are the two poles of existence, which are opposite but complementary. The light, white Yang moving up blends into the dark, black Yin moving down. Yin and Yang are dependent opposing forces that flow in a natural cycle, always seeking balance. Though they are opposing, they are not in opposition to one another. As part of the Tao, they are merely two aspects of a single reality. Each contains the seed of the other, which is why we see a black spot of Yin in the white Yang and vice versa. They do not merely replace each other but actually become each other through the constant flow of the universe.                                                                       

不是冤家不聚頭,生離死別兩悠悠 ; 三寸氣在千般用,一旦無常萬事休 ; 亡羊補牢猶未晚,船到江心補漏遲 ; 人間冷暖情為貴,世事滄桑越堅強。 人間苦空無常, 願世人不分你我,解下心結,能秉燭安然脫迷。 Copyright 2012 © All Rights Reserved. Disclaimer | Privay Policy